The Ideology Is Not The Movement | Slate Star Codex
This is a great piece and, sadly, too true....
Tribes are early forms of human social organization. For 90+ percent of human experience they were the basis of organized human life whenever a group outgrew its basic family and clan origins. I personally began to take interest in "tribes" (who, of course, never used that term to describe themselves) when i noticed that they were by and large dismissed by the interspirituality movement. Emphasis was on the so-called "great" religions which have become part of the cuttures of states. Tribal "religions" are implicitly. and sometimes explicitly, dismissed as less transformative, more "concrete" and "shallow." In my opinion, there are no essential development in religion or spirituality which were not present in the animistic and shamanistic.
It is also incorrect to refer to the problems that people in groups cause for themselves, their groups, and other people and groups as "tribalism." Tribes are relatively free of the conflict and blind loyalties and hatreds that are attributed to tribalism; better call it "ehnocentrism," or "nationalism," or "patriotism," or even "collective egotism."
As middle aged graduate students in 1965, publication of the Robber's Cave experiment was still fairly fresh in our minds and was frequently discussed. I do not remember the word "tribalism" ever being used, though it might have been in Sherif's publication.