December 27th, 2015

Babette of Interlaken

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Others have found Babette as elusive as i have.

Yes, there is a Babette of Interlaken in Hans Christian Anderson's The Snow Queen. but nothing i have read (it is a loooong story!) suggests that she might scare children, or that she could be "the Virgin Queen of Swiss Communism"

Sorry, the story is NOT The Snow Queen but The Ice Maiden which is even more remote a reference.
The Ice Maiden was written in 1871 much too late to influence someone who is supposed to be only a few years younger than Hans Christian Anderson.

At least the plot of The Snow Queen resonates with The Prague Cematary.  At the beginning of The Snow Queen, the "devil's mirror" which does not allow the image of anything good to be seen, is sharrered and pieces become wedged in the eyes and hearts of people all over the world.  Simonini acts like exactly the kind of person who would have shards of "devil's mirror' in his eyes and heart.  He can see nothing positive in any human person or action.  Only food can delight him.

Matvei Golovinski

Matvei Vasilyevich Golovinski (alternatively Mathieu) (Russian: Матвей Васильевич Головинский) (1865–1920) was a Russian-French writer, journalist and political activist. Critics studying the Protocols of the Elders of Zion have argued that he was the author of the work. This claim is reinforced by the writings of modern Russian historian Mikhail Lepekhine, who in 1999 studied previously closed French archives stored in Moscow containing information supporting Golovinski's authorship. Back in the mid-1930s, Russian testimony in the Berne Trial had linked the head of Russian security service in Paris, Pyotr Rachkovsky, to the creation of the Protocols

Matvei Golovinski - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In Eco's novel, Simonini gives the Protocols to Rachkovski who gives it to Golovinsky who takes it to Moscow.

Alta Vendita

Attributed to Mazzini,"...The document details an alleged Masonic plan to infiltrate the Catholic Church and spread liberal ideas within it. The Carbonari had strong similarities to Freemasonry, and so the document is seen by some as a Masonic document. In the 19th century, Pope Pius IX[3] and Pope Leo XIII both asked for it to be published. It was first published by Jacques Crétineau-Joly in his book L'Église romaine en face de la Révolution in 1859. It was popularised in the English speaking world by Monsignor George F. Dillon in 1885 with his book the War of Anti-Christ with the Church and Christian Civilization.[4]

It is still circulated by many traditionalist and sedevacantist Catholics, who believe it accurately describes the changes in the church in the post-Vatican II era.[5]"

Alta Vendita - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

At several points, when it is convenient, Simonini passes himself off, as a high agent of the Alta Vendita. which is part of the Ultimate or "Universal Conspiracy."

Alphonse Toussenel

A utopian socialist and a disciple of Charles Fourier, he was anglophobic and anti-semitic. He was at one time editor-in-chief of the newspaper La Paix, and his studies of natural history served as a vehicle for his political ideas
Alphonse Toussenel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Somonini meets him half way through the novel in a Paris bookstore.  I have no idea yet whether he plays any part in the story.  In spite of some familiarity with 19th century European political writing, i am continually surprised by the frequency and ease with which anti-Semitic and other ethnocentric ideas roll of the lips and pentips of otherwise seemingly rational and intelligent people.  Yes, Western Europe had abolished slavery and admitted Jews to citizenship, but ethnocentrism was as ugly in Europe as in  the United States, and as stupid.  The "enlightened" minds could still  not consider social structure. history. culture and socialization as primary causes

Alliance Israelite Universelle (Parisian Alliance Isrealite)

In the course of its long career, the Alliance has not always been immune from controversy. In the eyes of antisemites, it became the embodiment of the Jewish international "octopus" strangling civilization. The nefarious myth of the *Elders of Zion crystallized around a falsified image of the Alliance. It was criticized for being too French and not sufficiently universal. Much criticism was directed after World War I against Sylvain Lévi who took a sharp anti-Zionist stand on behalf of the Alliance at the Versailles peace conference. In 1945, however, the Alliance took up a pro-Zionist stand.

Alliance Israelite Universelle | Jewish Virtual Library

Simonini learns of the existence of this  organization as he plans the outline for what  will become the Protocols.