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November 13th, 2013

f The Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 3

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The Bhagavad-Gita
by Dr. Ramanada Prasad
3. PATH OF KARMAYOG
.... The Supreme Lord said: In this world, O Arjun, a twofold path of spiritual discipline has been stated by Me in the past --- the path of Self-knowledge (JnaanYog) for the contemplative, and the path of unselfish work (Seva, KarmaYog) for the active. (3.03) One does not attain freedom from the bondage of Karm by merely abstaining from work. No one attains perfection by merely giving up work. (3.04) Because, no one can remain actionless even for a moment. Everyone is driven to action --- helplessly indeed --- by the forces of nature. (3.06).....

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... becoming free from selfish attachment to the fruits of work, do your duty efficiently as a service to Me. (3.09)


.... Thus nourishing one another, you shall attain the Supreme goal. (3.11)..... For a Self-realized person, who rejoices only with the Eternal Being (Brahm), who is delighted with the Eternal Being and who is content with the Eternal Being, there is no duty. (3.17) Such a person has no interest, whatsoever, in what is done or what is not done. A Self-realized person does not depend on anybody (except God) for anything. (3.18)

Therefore, always perform your duty efficiently and without any selfish attachment to the results, because by doing work without attachment one attains the Supreme Being. (3.19) ..... You should also perform your duty with a view to guide people, and for the universal welfare of society. (3.20) Whatever noble persons do, others follow. Whatever standard they set up, the world follows. (3.21) O Arjun, there is nothing in the three worlds (heaven, earth, and the lower regions) that should be done by Me, nor there is anything unobtained that I should obtain, yet I engage in action. (3.22) If I do not engage in action relentlessly, O Arjun, people would follow the same path in every way. These worlds would perish if I do not work, and I would be the cause of confusion and destruction of all these people. (3.23-24).... the wise should work without attachment, for the welfare of the society. (3.25) The wise should not unsettle the minds of the ignorant, who are attached to the fruits of work, but should inspire others by performing all works efficiently without selfish attachment. (3.26)


All works are being done by the energy and power of nature, but due to delusion of ignorance people assume themselves to be the doer. (3.27) One who knows the truth, O Arjun, about the role of the forces of nature and work, does not become attached to work, knowing very well that it is the forces of nature that work with their instruments --- our organs. (3.28) .... Do your duty --- dedicating all work to Me --- in a spiritual frame of mind, free from desire, attachment, and mental grief. (3.30) ,,,, All beings follow their nature. Even the wise act according to their own nature. What, then, is the value of sense restraint? (3.33)

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....Likes and dislikes (Raag and Dvesh) for sense objects remain in the senses. One should not come under the control of these two, because they are, indeed, two major stumbling blocks on one’s path of Self-realization. (3.34) .....

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The senses are said to be superior to the body; the mind is superior to the senses; the intellect is superior to the mind; and Atma (Spirit) is superior to the intellect. (3.42) Thus, knowing the Self (Atma) to be superior to the intellect, and controlling the mind by the intellect (that is purified by spiritual practices), one must kill this mighty enemy, lust (Kaam), O Arjun. (3.43)

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The Complete English Translation of The Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 3
The flame of Knowledge washes work's dross away! There is no purifier like thereto In all this world, and he who seeketh it Shall find it - being grown perfect - in himself. Believing, he receives it when the soul Masters itself, and cleaves to Truth, and comes Possessing knowledge - to the higher peace, The uttermost repose. But those untaught, And those without full faith, and those who fear Are shent; no peace is here or other where, No hope, nor happiness for whoso doubts. He that, being self-contained, hath vanquished doubt, (Separating) self from service, soul from works, Enlighten and emancipate, my Prince! Works fetter him no more! Cut then atwain With sword of wisdom, Son of Bharata! This doubt that binds thy heart-beats! cleave the bond Born of thy ignorance! Be bold and wise! Give thyself to the field with me! Arise!
The Bhagavad Gita - CHAPTER 4: Full Text Translation by Sir Edwin Arnold

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