October 16th, 2013

Antisthenes - 445 - 365 B.C.

the favorite themes of Antisthenes: "He would prove that virtue can be taught; and that nobility belongs to none other than the virtuous. And he held virtue to be sufficient in itself to ensure happiness, since it needed nothing else except the strength of a Socrates. And he maintained that virtue is an affair of deeds and does not need a store of words or learning; that the wise man is self-sufficing, for all the goods of others are his; that ill repute is a good thing and much the same as pain; that the wise man will be guided in his public acts not by the established laws but by the law of virtue;
Antisthenes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Diogenes of Sinope - C412 - 323 B.c.

Diogenes maintained that all the artificial growths of society were incompatible with happiness and that morality implies a return to the simplicity of nature. So great was his austerity and simplicity that the Stoics would later claim him to be a wise man or "sophos". In his words, "Humans have complicated every simple gift of the gods."[35] Although Socrates had previously identified himself as belonging to the world, rather than a city,[36] Diogenes is credited with the first known use of the word "cosmopolitan". When he was asked where he came from, he replied, "I am a citizen of the world (cosmopolites)".[37] This was a radical claim in a world where a man's identity was intimately tied to his citizenship in a particular city state. An exile and an outcast, a man with no social identity,
Diogenes of Sinope - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Crates Of Thebes, C 365 - C 285 B.C.

Unlike other Cynics, Crates married a woman, Hipparchia. Their marriage was unique in ancient Greece, for it was based on equality and mutual respect.  He is said to have removed his clothes and said “This is your bridegroom. These are his possessions. Plan accordingly!” She also gave away all her money in order to become a cynic. When confronted by a male philosopher, she replied “Do I appear to you to have come to a wrong decision, if I devote that time to philosophy, which I otherwise should have spent at the loom?”.....

Crates was asked what are the benefits of studying philosophy. He replied that as a philosopher, “You will be able to open your wallet easily and with your hand scoop out and dispense lavishly instead of, as you do now, squirming and hesitating and trembling like those with paralyzed hands.” For Crates, philosophy allowed one to be content with whatever they had or didn’t have. He opposed luxury, recommending people only eat lentils. He said that most people’s mind are wrapped in a fog, which inhibits them from seeing the world as it really is. He would parody the poetry others took seriously. Along with the other Cynics, Crates stands in contrast to the hedonistic Cyrenaics. His lack of concern for pleasure or pain, as well as his view of women, were embraced by his student Zeno of Citium, who developed his own school of philosophy known as Stoicism.

Crates | Philosimply | Philosophy Made Easy

Bion of Borysthenes - C 325 - C 250 B. C.

The miser did not possess wealth, but was possessed by it."

"Impiety was the companion of credulity, [and] avarice the metropolis of vice."

"Good slaves are really free, and bad freemen really slaves."

"It is useless to tear our hair when we are in grief, since sorrow is not cured by baldness."

"Though boys throw stones at frogs in sport, yet the frogs do not die in sport but in earnest."

Bion of Borysthenes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia