October 24th, 2011

Albert Memmi

The system of oppression called "colonialism" began to fade away after WWII,  although the oppression continues, sometimes in other forms, sometimes with different perpetrators and different victims, and perhaps different witnesses.
Albert Memmi is by far the most astute of those witnesses, both colonizer and colonized, neither colonizer nor colonized, he watched North Africa change.  The colonized got their freedom, the colonizers got to go home where they belonged.  Only people like Memmi who could not fit into colonial Africa and could not fit into post-colonial Africa either lost his home and had no other to go to.  Memmi is 91 now and i am unaware of whatever he has been doing during the past fifteen years.  Perhaps at 75 one has earned the right to do nothing (although some of us waste so many of those first 75 years that if they don't start their life then, when are they going to start it..  But Albert Memmi certainly does not fit into that category.)  A lifelong student and teacher, at thirty-three he was a successful novelist and at 37 (1957) he wrote The Colonizer and the Colonized, the classic study of the soul killing effects of colonialism..  Memmi himself is not one who would attribute the problems of the former colonies of Africa to colonialism; but i, using his book as my major text, would.

The Colonizer and the Colonized,  is a brilliant book whose importance has not been diminished by either the passage of time or colonialism (if colonialism has, indeed, passed).

Albert Memmi

The capitalist network that runs the world -

In effect, less than 1 per cent of the companies were able to control 40 per cent of the entire network,*" says Glattfelder. Most were financial institutions. The top 20 included Barclays Bank, JPMorgan Chase & Co, and The Goldman Sachs

Revealed – the capitalist network that runs the world - physics-math - 19 October 2011 - New Scientist

*Network here means the global economy

Thank you to showingup and sabrinamari