For everyone who asks receives, and the one who seeks finds, and to the one who knocks the door will be opened.
What father of yours, if his son asks for a loaf of bread, will give him a stone, or if he asks for a fish, will give him a snake?
Therefore, if you, although you are not good, know how to give good things to your children, how much more will the father above give good things to those who ask him!" -- Q1
When i look at the "Sermon on the Mount" as the teachings of a wise and charismatic human being, i get a clear message about the "reversal" of social conventions. From the point of view of the cultures of his day, and even more so the culture of our day, much of what he teaches seems wrong. This is why words that are crystal clear (consisting of unambiguous, "prime," and "universal" concepts) have been subject to so much interpretation. The explanation i have most often heard is that these were teachings for the "apostles" only.
But this behavior will only sustain society if it is universal, or nearly so. As Andrew Schmuckler argues in "parable of the tribes" this kind of system only works as long as no one (or very few at most) tries to exploit. "From each according his ability, to each according to his need" only works if neither i nor anyone else overestimates his need or underestimates his ability. Yet this is precisely the system that functioned well enough to keep our species surviving for more (perhaps many more) than one-hundred thousand years! Just like the Taoists, the Galilean followers of Jesus, are asking us to live as the ancient ones lived, in community.
Jesus is saying that all of our relationships ought to be like those between good fathers and their sons. A little later we will be told not to worry about anything except whether we are subjecting ourselves to "god's rule:" not our bodies nor our lives, not food or clothing, not winning or losing.
We ask for what we need in the expectation of getting it, so we can focus on first things first. This is "irresponsible," "dangerous," "unproductive," and absolutely correct.
Please allow me to trust the universe to give me what i need,